The Bison Ballistics Model 21

Named after its 21 caliber ogive, the Model 21 (M21) was created to balance low drag, high precision, and consistent stability in a match-grade hollow point boattail design. M21 will soon be available in .308 caliber with weight of 180 grains. The M21 is an excellent, mild-shooting choice for 600 yard F Class.

Technical Summary

180 gr. Model 21
Model Number M21-30-180
Caliber 0.308"
Weight 180 gr.
BC (G1) .596
BC (G7) .298
Recommended Twist 10 inches/turn
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Detailed Specifications

180 gr. Model 21
Model Number M21-30-180
Caliber 0.308"
Weight 180 gr.
BC (G1) .596
BC (G7) .298
Twist at Sg = 1.0 13.2 inches/turn
Twist at Sg = 1.5 10.8 inches/turn
Jump Sensitivity at Sg 1.0 .114
Jump Sensitivity at Sg 1.5 .140
Length 1.415"
Custom Drag Model (.drg format) Download View
QuickLOAD Bullet File (.bul format) Download View
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Aerodynamic Data

Data assumes standard sea level atmosphere - 59°F, 29.92 mmHg, 0% relative humidity

Frequently Asked Questions

Are the ballistic coefficients measured or calculated?

We know how annoying it is to find that BCs have been inflated by manufacturers. Although the marketing copy uses an aspirational "we", Bison Ballistics is a one-man shop. I don't have a Doppler radar or a fully-featured ballistics laboratory. I do have access to 1,900 yard range for testing and some sophisticated engineering software. Initially, the BCs will be calculated and sanity checked by range testing. At some point I will be getting the bullets' drag measured by radar. Any BC published here is and will always be the best objectively determined estimate available given the means I have at my disposal. If I find any of them to be inaccurate, they will be adjusted.

How are the ballistic coefficients calculated?

We calculate the drag coefficient as a function of Mach number, and then determine a BC that matches a standard drag function at Mach 2.5. We find our bullets are a very close match to the G7 drag function during supersonic flight. There is typically a divergence at transonic and subsonic speeds, where it is advisable to use a custom drag model.

Do you use Army or ICAO atmospheric standards?

An time a standard atmosphere is needed, we use the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) standard.

What is jump sensitivity?

Jump sensitivity is a number that tells us how sensitive a bullet is to dispersion due to unbalance or tipping. The higher the jump sensitivity, the less accurate a bullet will be, all else equal. Jump sensitivity is dependent on twist - a higher twist will increase jump sensitivity. We provide jump sensitivity factors so that you can make relative comparisons between bullets to get an idea as to the balance between ballistic performance and accuracy potential. A higher jump sensitivity bullet will not always shoot bigger groups in any given rifle, but we find it helpful as a rule of thumb, and it helps to illustrate the accuracy loss due to faster than necessary twists. The jump sensitivity factors we report assume a muzzle velocity of Mach 2.5.

Is the M21 a VLD? I hear that VLDs are hard to tune.

The label "VLD" is not one that has a specific meaning, and we don't use it. We won't be offended if you call them VLDs, however, since the M21 does have an aggressive secant ogive that many would consider to be VLD-like. That said, we have not found the M21 to be any more difficult to tune than other match grade bullets. We do suggest trying a large range of seating depths, however. Every rifle is different, so be sure to test thoroughly. You'll be rewarded with some stellar groups and a BC that's competitive with the best in its class.

G1 or G7?

Our bullets are a better fit for G7 BCs. We provide G1 BCs only as a convenience so that you can compare our bullets with those from other manufacturers who use G1 BCs. For actual ballistic calculations, use a G7 BC or our custom drag models if your software supports them.

How are the minimum twists determined?

On our detailed spec sheets, you'll find two minimum twist numbers. The first refers to a gyroscopic stability factor (Sg) of 1.0, which is the absolute theoretical minimum required for stable flight. The second refers to an Sg of 1.5. Based on the research done by Applied Ballistics, 1.5 is the stability factor required to minimize yaw and drag. We recommend using a rifling twist that will give you an Sg of 1.5 for long-range shooting. The recommended twits are calculated for standard atmospheric conditions at sea level. In most cases, this is a conservative estimate and you can effectively use a slower twist rate.

What is a .drg file?

The Lapua Edition of QuickTARGET Unlimited specifies a file format for custom drag models, which is what we have chosen to use. Unfortunately, the software is a bit out of date, but you can still use it on older systems. We've included it here, as our hope is that more ballistics calculators will adopt it or another standard format for custom drag models. If your ballistics calculator is able to use custom drag models, but requires another format, the .drg is pretty easy to convert - it's just a text file with a list of Mach numbers and drag coefficients.

What is a .bul file?

A .bul file is is a bullet data file that can be imported into the QuickLOAD internal ballistics program. It contains bullet geometry, weight, and other information needed by QuickLOAD. See the QuickLOAD user manual for instructions on how to install a .bul file and for details on the format. Our .bul file includes G7 BCs only.

Do you have loading data?

We do not have tested loading data for our bullets. We recommend that you invest in QuickLOAD and download our free .bul files. As always, and especially when using nonstandard overall lengths or wildcat cartridges, start 10% below the maximum charge weight and work up, looking carefully for signs of pressure along the way. QuickLOAD is good, but it's just software. When theory and reality collide, reality always wins. Be safe.